Our Global Goal- ZERO HUNGER
Updated: Aug 7, 2019
A person under normal living conditions can survive without water for up to three days and without food for up to a week. What happens if we don’t get either of them? The answer is simple, we won’t be able to sustain life. But there is not enough water and food left on our planet for future generations.
According to National Geographic, only 1 percent of our freshwater is easily accessible, with much of it trapped in glaciers and snowfields. In essence, only 0.007 percent of the planet's water is available to fuel and feed its 6.8 billion people. Similarly, every year 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted as some 2 billion people suffer from hunger and malnutrition. “We are the last generation that can prevent irreparable damage to our planet,” General Assembly President María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés said in a UN conference.
I remember in 6th grade geography class we learnt the definition of sustainable development as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, and without the depletion of natural resources’. In 2015, the United Nations made a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (UNSG) for future generations that not only unite countries but also makes the planet habitable and sustainable for future generations. “By joining forces to achieve our goals, we can turn hope into reality – leaving no one behind,” said Co-Chair of the SDG Advocates group Prime Minister Erna Solberg of Norway.
The first goal is ‘no poverty’ and the second is ‘zero hunger’. The UNSG goals need to be accomplished by the year 2030 at any cost, the first three goals to achieve zero hunger are-
1. End hunger and ensure food access by all people, in particular people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to serve safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.
2. End all forms of malnutrition, and achieving by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.
3. Double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.
Forced by hunger, families often make tough decisions leading to issues of child labour, unemployment and illiteracy in our country. Already vulnerable people become even more vulnerable, and their opportunities after growing up are extremely limited. Hence, it’s impossible to achieve the goals for zero hunger without the overall development of a nation giving equal employment opportunities, land, health services to all sections of the society.
Other UNSG goals include constant innovation in the agriculture industry by increased investments, and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production. Developing countries like India are fighting to achieve these goals by launching various programs like Mid Day Meals, Anganwadi Centres as a part of Integrated Child Development Services, that have shown results, but are these enough? What can WE as individuals do to contribute to the cause?
A lot of people are fighting on a daily basis to tackle hunger, Feeding India is one such not-for-profit social organization working to solve hunger, malnutrition and food wastage in the country. With various on-going programs, the volunteers, ‘Hunger Heroes’ ensure that not a single person is left hungry. ,We need every citizen of the world to take part in the movement and be a hunger hero. Think before you throw food out next time and instead donate, what’s waste for you is someone’s meal of the day.